Establishing a strong foundation for your puppy’s behavior is essential through basic training. By following these steps, you can successfully train your puppy in basic obedience and socialization, setting them on the path to becoming a well-behaved and balanced canine companion.

Step 1: Establish a Positive Environment

Discourage unwanted behaviors: Similarly, when your puppy engages in unwanted behaviors, redirect their attention to more appropriate activities and discourage them using positive reinforcement. For example, if they start chewing on furniture, provide them with a chew toy instead and praise them when they chew on it instead of the furniture.

Establish consistent rules: Set clear rules and boundaries for your puppy right from the beginning. Consistency is key in ensuring they understand what behaviors are acceptable and what are not. For example, establish areas where they are allowed or not allowed to go, such as keeping them off furniture or designating certain rooms as off-limits.

Build a strong connection with your puppy by investing quality time together through regular interaction and engaging in positive activities like training sessions, playful playtime, and gentle grooming. By nurturing this bond, you not only strengthen the relationship between you and your puppy but also make them feel cherished and valued as an important member of your family.


Step 2: Introduce Sit Command

Hold a treat above your puppy’s nose and slowly move it upward. As their head tilts back, their bottom will naturally lower into a sitting position. Once seated, say “sit” and immediately reward them. Repeat this command regularly until they respond consistently.

Step 3: Teach the Down Command

Start with your puppy in a sitting position. Hold a treat in your hand, lower it to the ground, and say “down” as you guide their nose towards the treat. As their body lowers to the ground, reward them. Practice this command until your puppy can lie down on command without assistance.

Step 4: Introduce the Stay Command

With your puppy in a sitting or down position, hold your hand in a “stop” gesture and say “stay.” Take a step back and wait a few seconds before returning to reward them. Gradually increase the distance and duration of the stay command over time.

K9 Basic Training For Your Puppy

Step 5: Train the Recall Command (Come)

Start by kneeling or crouching down a short distance away from your puppy. Excitedly say “come” while gently patting your knees. When your puppy comes to you, reward them with praise and treats. Practice this command in a safe and controlled environment, gradually increasing the distance and distractions.

Step 6: Practice Leash Walking

Introduce your puppy to a collar or harness and attach a lightweight leash. Encourage them to walk beside you using treats and praise. Start in a quiet area and gradually introduce distractions. Teach your puppy to walk on a loose leash without pulling, rewarding them for good behavior.

Step 7: Reinforce Good Behavior and Correct Undesired Behavior

Reward your puppy with treats, praise, and affection for exhibiting desired behaviors. If your puppy engages in undesired behavior, redirect their attention to an appropriate activity or command. Avoid punishment-based training methods, as they can harm the bond between you and your puppy.

Step 8: Gradually Increase Difficulty

As your puppy masters the basic commands, progressively challenge them by raising the difficulty level. Introduce distractions to their training sessions, vary the training locations to expose them to different environments, and consistently reinforce their training. By gradually increasing the level of difficulty, you can ensure that your puppy’s training remains effective and applicable in various real-life situations.

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